Itempile yaseBulguksa

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I-385, iBulguk-ro, iGyeongju-si, iGyeongsangbuk-do
I-385 (진현동)

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Mar-Sep 07: 00-18: 00 / Oct 07: 00-17: 30
I-Nov-Jan 07: 30-17: 00 / Feb 07: 30-17: 30
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Ithempeli laseBulguksa luphawu lommeli waseGyeongju kwaye lachazwa njenge-Asset yeNkcubeko yeHlabathi yi-UNESCO kwi1995. Ubuhle betempile ngokwayo kunye nokuchukumiseka kobugcisa beetafile zamatye ziyaziwa kwihlabathi liphela.

Itempile yaseBulguksa yakhiwa kwi528 ngexesha leSilla Kingdom, kunyaka we-15th wolawulo lukaKumkani uBeop-Heung (514-540). Itempile ekuqaleni yayibizwa ngokuba yi 'Hwaeom Bulguksa Temple' okanye 'Beopryusa Temple' kwaye yakhiwa kwakhona nguKim Dae-Seong (700-774), owaqala ukwakha itempile e751 ngexesha lolawulo lukaKumkani uGyeong-Deok (r. 742-765 ) kwaye ndiyigqibile nge774 ngexesha lolawulo lukaKing Hye-Gong (r. 765-780). Ukugqitywa kwayo, igama letempile latshintshwa laba nguBulguksa.

Itempile yaseBulguksa yahlaziywa ngokutsha ukusuka kwi-Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392) yaya kwiJoson Dynasty (1392-1910), kodwa yatshiswa phantsi ngexesha leMfazwe yase-Imjin (Invasions yaseJapan, i-1592-1598).

Ukwakhiwa kwakhona kwaqala kwakhona kwi-1604 ngonyaka we-37th wokulawula kuka-King Seon-jo (uJoson Dynasty) kwaye kwahlaziywa malunga namaxesha e-40 de kwaba yi-1805 (ngexesha lolawulo lukaKumkani uSun-Jo, 1790-1834). Emva kweli xesha, itempile yenzakala kakhulu kwaye yayihlala ijolise kubaphangi.

Kwi-1969, iKomiti yokuBuyiselwa kweTempile yaseBulguksa yasekwa kwaye e-1973, eMulseoljeon, eGwaneumjeon, eBirojeon, eGyeongru, naseHoangang (zonke ezazidilizwe ngaphambili) zakhiwa kwakhona. Ezinye iisayithi ezindala okanye ezaphukileyo (ezinje ngeDaeungjeon, iGeungnakjeon, iBeomyeongnu neJahunun) zalungiswa.

Nanamhlanje, itempile yaseBulguksa yikhaya leentlobo ezininzi ezibalulekileyo zenkcubeko ezinjengeDabotap Pagoda (Treasure kaZwelonke No. 20), Seokgatap Pagoda (Treasure kaZwelonke No. 21), Yeonhwa-gyo & Chilbo-gyo Bridges (Treasure kaZwelonke No. 22), I-Cheongun-gyo & iibhlorho zeBaghun-gyo (Treasure National (X TreUM No. 23)), Seokguram Grotto (Treasure kaZwelonke. 24), iGolden Seated Vairocana Buddhist Figure (Treasure kaZwelonke Nomb. 26), umzobo weGold Seated Amita. I-27), kunye neSarapap Pagoda (Treasure No. 61).

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